Disaster Risk Management
The Disaster Management Programme has helped
local communities in Osh, Jalalabad and Batken provinces to establish, train,
and equip 40 Rural Rescue Teams (RRTs), which are set to become indispensable
components of the state civil defense system managed by the Ministry of
Emergency Situations. The RRTs also developed disaster response plans and
implemented mitigation projects to reduce risks and be better prepared for
possible disasters. For the first time, village municipalities have developed
their own preparedness and response plans, which are now being incorporated
into their Annual or Strategic Development Plans. The programme also supported
the development of a disaster management training curriculum for municipal
workers by a joint working group involving the Ministry of Emergency Situations
and the Academy of Management under the President of the Kyrgyz Republic.
UNDP is now leading an initiative to enhance coordination of disaster response. The project aims to strengthen joint disaster response efforts in the Kyrgyz Republic by improving coordination and information sharing among all relevant actors, and by strengthening the Ministry of Emergency Situations’ leadership role in the process.
The Disaster Management Programme will expand its geographic coverage to include the northern part of the country and plans in the near future to:
§ Introduce innovative training methods for municipal workers;
§ Publish user-friendly materials enhancing the local population’s knowledge of disaster management issues;
§ Test simple forms of large-scale mapping, using satellite images and geographic information systems;
§ Introduce bio-engineering methods in projects related to prevention and mitigation;
§ Seek the institutionalization of rural rescue teams through social benefits, a certification programme, and the inclusion of rural rescue teams into the national system of civil defense;
§ Mainstream local risk reduction activities in the sustainable development efforts of other programmes; and
§ Design and adopt coordination mechanisms at all levels for disaster response.
In recognition of the importance of environment in the national context, UNDP has prioritized energy and sustainable development (ESD) with two underlying objectives: to advocate (with national) partners for a coherent and strategic vision on sustainable development; and to generate an increasing volume of grant funding for this sector to address critical national needs.
In 2005, the UNDP launched its first full-fledged five-year Environment Programme, with the goal of including sustainable development principles into national strategies and policies. Thus, by 2008 the programme has:
§ persuaded the government to include Environmental Security component in the Country Development Strategy (CDS) for 2007-2011 as a development priority; and
§ developed the Concept of the Kyrgyz Republic’s Transition to Sustainable Development.
Since 2007, the programme has been working with the Parliament on the clarification of the Fish Moratorium, a draft law on Renewable Energy Sources, and draft Environmental Code and legislation in the area of wastes management. The Environmental Code is now adopted by the Parliament.
UNDP enhances institutional capacity to increase the mobilization of funding from the Global Environmental Facility (GEF) and other donors. Thus, Kyrgyzstan has already participated in environmental initiatives such as Regional Environment Action Plan and Central Asian Initiative on Sustainable Land Management, Intergovernmental Commission on Sustainable Development and Environmental Security and is planning to partake in other regional and global strategies and plans. In 2008, the programme launched two projects supported by GEF, i.e., “Increasing Energy Efficiency in Buildings” and “Capacity Building for Improved National Financing of Global Environmental Management in Kyrgyzstan.”
Since 2007, the GEF/UNDP Demonstrating Sustainable Mountain Pasture Management in the Suusamyr Valley, Kyrgyzstan Project is creating the opportunities for sustainable pasture management reducing land degradation. The improved management system will be introduced through pilot actions.
In 2008, improvment of fishery biodiversity through strengthening policy and regulatory framework became one of the programme priorities. Now, UNDP helps develop a biodiversity friendly regime in Issyk-Kul Lake, which is aimed at conserving the endemic fish species, by providing opportunities for sustainable alternative livelihoods for the local fishery-dependent communities.
Acknowledging the role of civil society in national dialogue and
information sharing, UNDP supports the engagement of civil society in the
implementation of national and regional environmental action plans and
sustainable development strategies through the digital Environmental
Information Network for Central Asia and Russia (CARNet), which
provides an online platform for exchanging information and experiences.
UNDP helps the government access financial resources for environmental projects by restructuring the country’s external debt through new financial schemes such as the Debt for Sustainable Development Swap mechanism and the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) of the Kyoto Protocol.